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The Trent-Severn Waterway is a Canadian canal system formerly used for commercial purposes but now exclusively for pleasure boats, connecting Lake Ontario at Trenton to Georgian Bay at Port Severn. Its major natural waterways include the Trent River, Otonabee River, the Kawartha lakes, Lake Simcoe, Lake Couchiching and the Severn River.

It traverses Southern Ontario's "cottage country" with recreational properties being the primary industry along the waterway. It is open for navigation from May until October.

The total length of the waterway is 386 km, beginning at Trenton, Ontario, with roughly 32 km of man-made channels. There are 44 locks, including 36 conventional locks, two sets of flight locks, hydraulic lift locks at Peterborough and Kirkfield, and a marine railway at Big Chute which transports boats between the upper and lower sections of the Severn. The system also includes 39 swing bridges and 160 dams and control structures that manage the water levels for flood control and navigation on lakes and rivers that drain approximately 18,600 square kilometres of central Ontario's cottage country region, across four counties and three single-tier cities, an area that is home to more than a million Canadians.

It reaches its highest point at Balsam Lake. It is often claimed that this is the highest point on Earth to which a vessel can be navigated from sea level; however, portions of the Mississippi River that are higher can be reached.

The Trent-Severn Waterway is managed by Parks Canada under the statutory authority of the Historic Canals Regulations. These regulations outline the Waterway's responsibilities for navigation, resource protection, dredge and fill operations, the operation of boater campgrounds etc. The 386 km navigation corridor includes over 4 500 km of shoreline and over 500 square kilometers of water. More than 125 000 private and commercial properties abut onto the navigation corridor of the Trent-Severn Waterway. The Trent-Severn Waterway also has regulatory responsibility and authority under the Dominion Water Power Act for the 18 hydroelectric generating facilities located along its route.


Canal Lake in the Kawartha Region 

 

 

 

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Canal Lake - easterly end LOCK #36  Kirkfield Lift Lock - Chart :2005   GPS 44 35' 22" N  ~  78 59' 23" W  Mile# 169.4  Dimension: 139' long, 33' wide, Average Lift: 14.9'